This is a criminal case in which a tremendous effort to smuggle psittacine (parrot) birds into the United States from the Republic of Mexico was exposed. There is a quarantine against the importation of such species into the United States. The indictment was in ten counts. Three separate conspiracies were charged (Counts 1, 4, and 7).
Roy Hendricks brought a Bivens action against Walter Saroka and Jerry Woods, Special Agents for the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, alleging violation of rights securied under the Fourth Amendment. The district court granted summary judgement in favor of Saroka and Woods, and Hendricks appeals (current case).