The accused persons, Aye Mondo & Melolodom Richard are Bakas, indigenous people. They were arrested by elements of the conservation service after killing an elephant, and were found in possession of the ivories. They were forwarded before the court of First Instance, Abong Mbang for Prosecution.
The State Attorney and the Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife vs ALIME Eric, MBIANGA Jereme, NBGALLA Marcel, and DIMA Marcel
On the 3 April 2013, the elements of the conservation service organized an anti-poaching patrol in the zone of Massea, East Region. During this patrol, the accused persons Mbgalla, Mbiango, and Alime were found in possession of elephant meat they had just killed.
The State Attorney and the Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife vs ALADJI ISSA OUMAROU, MOHAMADOU ABOUBAKAR
On the 6 March 2013, the accused Aladji Issa asked the co-offender Moahamadou to accompany him to a village called Namezap for 1000 XAF. Upon arrival, Aladji Issa asked Mohamadou to wait for him on the bike while he left to collect a bag. He returned and they both left the village.
The State Attorney and the Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife vs BESONG NGEM Macdonald AYUK and EWANE Jean Bosco
On the 9 December 2014, elements of the Regional Delegation of Forestry and Wildlife Buea received a letter from military officials who were on a mixed control mission in the town of Misselele, about a seizure of pangolin scales and elephant ivories carried out on the 8 December.
The facts are that the the appellant owned a safari lodge on a piece of land within a nature reserve. His main tourist attraction was the wildlife on the nature reserve. However poaching on the reserve had led to the reduction in wildlife sightings and therefore lower volumes of business.
The accused pleaded guilty and were convicted for unlawfully hunting 2 rhino’s and being in possession of rhino horns. The court below considered the seriousness of the crime and the number of rhino’s killed per year and the impact that poaching has on the economy and imposed a sentence of 6 years imprisonment and a N$60 000.00 fine.
The accused entered onto the complainant’s farm in order to hunt an oryx and was charged with the offence of unlawful hunting of huntable game, and trespassing. The accused pleaded guilty to both counts and were accordingly convicted. The question arose whether there was a duplication of convictions when the court convicted on both counts.
After being convicted of unlawfully hunting huntable game, 5 oryx, without a permit, the accused took the matter on review. At trial, accused no. 1 alleged that he did not point out or admit anything, that he did not lead the police to any scene, and that he was handcuffed and beaten. Accused no. 3 denied pointing out anyhting altogether.
The appellants appealed their convictions to the Supreme Court. The grounds for the appeal were that the admissions made to Mr Kao of the Ministry of Wildlife and Conservation were inadmissible for not being made freely and voluntarily, with which the High Court agreed.
The two accused were convicted of various offences in terms of the Nature Conservation Ordinance 4 of 1975 ranging from illegal hunting of huntable protected and specially protected game (tortoise and oryx) to possession of the said game or their meat. The accused pleaded guilty to certain offences and not guilty to others.