The accused and three other men were inside the Ndumo Game Reserve on 19 November 2011 at 17:00. One man was carrying a firearm. Game rangers patrolling in the Reserve caught sight of the men in pursuit of a rhino. The rangers ordered the man to put down the firearm. Instead, he turned and pointed it at the rangers.
After the defendant pleaded guilty, on 21 March 2008, to two counts of importing and selling raw ivory and two counts of smuggling goods into the United States, she objected to the pre-sentence investigation report (PSR).
The District Court held that: